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PATENT CLAIM FORMAT AND TYPES OF CLAIMS


http://www.wipo.int/edocs/mdocs/aspac/en/wipo_ip_phl_16/wipo_ip_phl_16_t5.pdf

PATENT CLAIM FORMAT

* WRITTEN AS A SINGLE SENTENCE

* CLAIMS IDENTIFIER preceding the sentence, e.g. “Claim 1”

* HEAVILY PUNCTUATED SINGLE SENTENCE AND ENDS WITH A PERIOD

* APPEARS TOWARDS THE END OF THE ISSUED PATENT OR PATENT APPLICATION

1. PARTS OF A CLAIM

a. THE PREAMBLE

b. TRANSITIONAL PHRASE

c. THE BODY

THE PREAMBLE

* Identifies the category of the invention e.g., an apparatus, device, article,

composition, a method or process

* Keep it consistent with the title of the invention

* May recite an object of the invention

Examples:

1.

Object of the invention: to cook rice

AN APPARATUS FOR COOKING

2. Object of the invention: Cooking all kinds of grains

AN APPARATUS FOR COOKING GRAINS

3. Object of the invention: to also cook vegetables or other foodstuffs

AN APPARATUS FOR COOKING

Examples:

1.

Object of the invention: making tea

A METHOD FOR MAKING TEA

2.

Object of the invention: making beverages arising from plant

- based substances

A METHOD FOR MAKING PLANT

- BASED BEVERAGES

3.

Object of the invention: making any warm

beverages

A METHOD FOR MAKING WARM

BEVERAGES

EXAMPLES:

1.

Object of the invention: treating malaria

A COMPOSITION FOR TREATING MALARIA

2.

Object of the invention: non

- motorized vehicles

A NON - MOTORIZED LAND VEHICLES

3.

Object of the invention: mounting telephones

A DEVICE FOR MOUNTING A TELEPHONE

TRANSITIONAL PHASE OPEN-ENDED PHRASE (comprising) - “including”, “containing”, “characterized by” - do not exclude any additional unrecited elements - expand the scope of the claim by allowing for other elements or limitations EXAMPLE 1. An apparatus, comprising: a plurality of printed pages; a binding configured to hold the printed pages together; and a cover attached to the binding.

TRANSITIONAL PHASE

CLOSED PHRASE (consisting of)

- limits the scope of the claim to nothing more than the specifically recited elements

- claim covers only elements named and nothing more

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